1. Cáo buộc ai đó vì đã làm gì.
S accused Sb of doing sth
“ You stole the money on the table”, she said to him
She accused him of stealing the money on the table.
2. Thừa nhận hoặc phủ nhận đã làm gì.
He said “Yes, I did”
He admitted stealing/ having stolen the money on the table
He said: “ No, I didn’t”
He denied stealing/ having stolen the money on the table3. Lời khuyên (should/ought to/ had better/ If I were you…/ Why don’t you)
S + advised sb + (not) to V
“If I were you, I would save some money” she said
She advised me to save some money.
“You shouldn’t believe him” Jane said to Peter.
Jane advised Peter not to believe him.
4. Câu mời (Would you like……?)
S+ offered Sb Sth
S+ offered to do Sth
S + invited sb+ to V
“Would you like a cup of coffee, Peter?” I said.
I offered Peter a cup of coffee.
“Would you like me to clean the house for you” he said.
He offered to clean the house for me.
“Would you like to go to the cinema with me tonight?” he said.
He invited me to go to the cinema with him that night.
5. “Don’t do sth…” “Never do sth…”
S asked/ told Sb not to do sth
S warned against Ving/ warned sb not to do sth
“Please don’t tell anyone what happened.” Ann said to me.
Ann told me not to tell anyone what had happened.
“Never enter this room” she warned me.
She warned me against entering that room.
She warned me not to enter that room.
6. “Don’t forget/ Remember to V”
S reminded Sb to do sth.
He told me: “Don’t forget to come here on time tomorrow”.
He reminded me to come there on time the next day.
She said to all of us: “Remember to submit the report by this Thursday”
She reminded all of us to submit the report by that Thursday.
7. Câu cảm thán: “ What a/an +Adj+ N”
“How + adj/ adv + N/ S+ be/ V”
Trực tiếp: What a lovely dress!
Tuỳ theo xúc cảm và hình thức diễn đạt, chúng ta có thể dùng nhiều hình thức khác nhau như sau:
Gián tiếp: She exclaimed that the dress was lovely.
She complimented me on the lovely dress.
Eg: “What a strange idea!”he said.
He exclaimed that it was such a strange idea.
8. “ Thank you for….”
Thank Sb for Ving/ N
Eg: “Thank you for helping me finish this project “ he said to us.
He thanked us for helping him finish that project.
“ Thank you for this lovely present.” I said to him.
I thanked him for that lovely present.
9. “ Congratulations …”
S congratulated Sb on Ving
Eg: “Congratulations! You won the first prize” he said to me.
He congratulated me on winning the first prize.
10. “ Sorry…”
S apologized to sb for Ving
Eg: “Sorry, I broke your vase” he said to his mother.
He apologized to his mother for breaking her vase.
11. WARN: cảnh báo
S+ warned+ sb+ to V/ not to V + O
Hoặc S + Warned sb against Ving: cảnh báo ai làm( không làm ) gì
Eg: “Don’t play ball near the restricted area.” I said to the boy:
–> I warned the boy not to play ball near the restricted area /
–> I warned the boy against playing ball near the restricted area
12. PROMISE : lời hứa
S+ will/won’t + V-
S +promised+sb+to + V / not to V: hứa làm gì
Ex: ” I won’t never do this again ” He said to her
–> He promised her not to do that again
13. THREATEN : đe dọa
S+ threatened (sb)+to V/ not to V : đe doạ (ai) làm gì
Ex: He said ” I will kill you if you don’t do that “-
-> He threatened to kill me if I didn’t do that
14. SUGGEST: đề nghị
Shall we+ V….
How/What about+ Ving….
Why dont we + V ..
S+ suggested+ Ving= S+ suggested+ that+ S+ should/shouldn’t+ V: đề nghị cùng làm gì.
Ex: ” Why don’t we go out for a walk?” said the boy.
→ The boy suggested going out for a walk
15. Gợi ý cho người khác : “Why don’t you+ Vo? dùng cấu trúc S+ suggested+ that+ S+ should/shouldn’t+ V
“Why don’t you have a rest?” he said to her
He suggested that she should have a rest.
16. WISH: chúc
S+ wished+ sb+ (a/a) + adj+N: chúc ai đó có được điều gì
Ex: ” Have a happy birthday” she said
She wished me a happy birthday
17. WELCOME : chào mừng, chào đón
.Ex: ” Welcome to my house , my dear ” she said to her friend
She welcomed her friend to her house
18. AGREE : đồng ý
S+ agreed+ to V: đồng ý làm gì
Ex: Ann: ” Would you wait half an hour.? “Tom: ” All right”
=> Tom agreed to wait.
19. . REFUSE : từ chối
S+ refused+ to V : từ chối làm gì
Ex: Ann: “Would you lend me another £50? “Tom: ” No, I won’t lend you any more money” .
=> Tom refused to lend her any more money.
20. INSIST: khăng khăng , nài nỉ
S+ insisted+ on+ Ving: khăng khăng, nài nỉ làm gì
Ex: Tom said “ Let me pay for myself.
=> Tom insisted on paying.
21. DREAM: mơ ước
S+ dreamed of+ Ving: luôn mơ về điều gì
Ex: Daisy said: “I want to be a famous singer in the world.”
-> Daisy dreamed of being a famous singer in the world.
22. ENCOURAGE : động viên, khích lệ
S+ encouraged + sb + to V
Ex: “Try again” she said
=> She encouraged me to try again.
23. PREVENT/ STOP : ngăn chặn
S+ prevented/ stopped + sb/st+ from+ Ving : ngăn ai làm gì, ,cái gì xảy ra
Eg: ” My mother said : ” I can’t let you use the phone
My mother prevented me from using the phone
24. REPROACH: trách mắng
S+ reproached+ sb+ for+ Ving
Ex: ” You should have finished the report by now” John told his secretary.
–> John reproached his secretary for not having finished the report
25. BLAME : đổ lỗi
S + blamed sb + For + Ving : đổ lỗi ai làm gì
S + blamed sth + on sb.
Ex: ” It was your fault. You didn’t tell the truth ” She said
–> She blamed me for not telling the truth
She blamed her fault on me.
26. SUSPECT : nghi ngờ
S+ suspected sb of Ving : nghi ngờ ai làm gì
Ex: ” I think He stole that car ” My friend said
–> My friend suspected him of stealing that car
27. REGRET : hối tiếc
S+ regretted + Ving : hối tiếc đã làm gì
ex: ” I wish I had visited her” said He
–> He regretted not having visited/ visiting her
28. COMPLAIN : phàn nàn
S+ complained about + Sth: phàn nàn điều gì
Eg: ” You are always getting up late ” My mother said
–> My mother complained about my getting up late
29. CRITICISE : phê bình
S+ Criticized sb + For + Ving : phê bình ai việc gì
eg: ” You shoudnt have made that mistake ” the boss said to me ( bạn lẽ ra không nên gây ra lỗi đó )
–> The boss criticized me for having made that mistake
30. CALL : gọi
S+ Called sb something : gọi ai đó là gì
eg: “Liar!” => He called me a liar.